Our body needs hormones to carry out its affairs as they are the chemical messengers of the body. However, a rise or fall in hormonal levels has repercussions on one’s health and bodycan even be at risk of developing diabetes, infertility, hypertension, etc., due to a hormonal imbalance. Weight loss and weight gain can also be attributed to an imbalance in the levels of certain hormones. I am going to talk about the main endrocine glands and their secretions, and how they affect weight
1) Estrogen: is a hormone that is produced in the ovaries in
levels, the body works to get the required amount of estrogen from other sources. Fat cells have the ability to synthesize this female hormone, and when there is an imbalance in the levels of estrogen, the body reacts by converting the calories into fat. Unlike muscle cells, the fat cells do not burn much calories. There is an increased accumulation of fat in your body. As a woman approaches menopause, the levels of estrogen This is the reason behind weight gain in menopause.
2) Progesterone: is another hormone that is produced by the ovaries. It helps in tackling Huid retention that may occur owing to elevated estrogen l men approach menopause, progesteronedecline. While body Weight may increase estrogen is synthesized from the fat cells, the body may not be able to tackle fluid retention that is caused by estrogen. Fluid retention in the body may cause one to gain weight. `
3) Testosterone: is required for muscle building an maintenance. Muscle cells burn calories in the body and keep’ the rate of metabolism high. A fall in the levels of testosterone results in the loss of muscle mass. This further leads to slowing down of the metabolicfinal result is a gain in body level of testosterone especially declines during menopause.
4) Androgeigzis produced by the testes in males and the ovaries arid the adrenal cortex in females and is mainly responsible for the mid-section area of your body An increase in the levels of androgen directs die deposition on the abdomen.